I‘ve been planning on writing a guide to driving in Ireland for tourists since last November.
We were sat in a pub in Galway when two American young lads started chatting to us.
We we’re having the craic and chatting away when one of my friends asked the younger of the two how they were finding driving in Ireland during their trip.
When he heard the question, he turned to his friend and they both laughed.
When they finished, the older chap told us about the two near misses they had when they reached the ‘busy road that you take from Dublin Airport into the city‘ (he was referring to the M1 Motorway…) and the several other close calls that they had on their way to Galway on our ‘crazy Irish roads‘.
I turned and asked the older lad if they looked at what the differences were between driving in Ireland in comparison to the states.
‘Nah man, I prefer to wing it‘.
150 people lost their lives on Irish roads in 2018.
Out of these fatalities, 63 drivers were killed, 21 passengers, 42 pedestrians, 15 motorcyclists an 9 cyclists.
150 lives lost.
Now, I’m not saying these were accidents caused by people driving in Ireland for the first time – I’ve no idea what the breakdown is.
However, If you’re planning on driving during your visit to Ireland, TAKE IT SERIOUSLY.
Don’t just assume that because you can drive perfectly fine in your own country that you’ll be able to do so in Ireland without doing research in advance.
A guide to Driving in Ireland for tourists
While this guide attempts to cover as many bases as possible, it is by no means an exhaustive guide to driving safely in Ireland.
The objective of this guide is to help you drive safely during your visit to Ireland and has been written in line with the RSA’s guidelines.
If you need some guidance, the Road Safety Authority have created this document to help.
1 – Understanding the rules of the road
The Road Safety Authority have prepared a detailed guide to driving a in Ireland. This is just as relevant for tourists as it is for locals.
Download the RSA guide to driving in Ireland here.
These guidelines are essential for anyone using Irish roads, cycle tracks or footpaths.
You should read these in advance of arriving in Ireland.
2 – Driving Licences
You cannot drive a car in Ireland without a current driving licence or a learner permit.
If you have a driving licence issued by an EU/EEA member state, you can drive in Ireland as long as your existing licence is valid.
If you want to exchange your driving licence for an equivalent Irish licence, you need do so within 10 years of your driving licence expiring.
If you hold a non-EU driving licence, you can still drive legally in Ireland.
Tourists visiting Ireland can drive with a driving licence from any state outside the EU/EEA for up to a year provided the driving licence is current and valid.
3 – Car insurance for rental cars in Ireland
When it comes to questions around driving in Ireland for tourists, one of the most common questions that I receive revolves around car insurance.
You must be fully insured when driving in Ireland.
This is an area that often causes a whole lot of confusion for people when they’re planning a trip to Ireland.
Insurance via your credit card
Some credit cards that are issued in the US offer collision and theft insurance for rental cars. You should check this well in advance of arriving in Ireland, as it could save you a decent chunk of money.
If your credit card does in fact offer collision and theft coverage in Ireland, make sure you have written proof to show the staff at the rental counter.
You’ll want to fully understand what exactly is covered and not covered by your credit card company, to avoid any hassle if any accident does occur.
Collision Damage Waiver
However, and this can change depending on the rental company, it’ll only cover you for damage to the cars bodywork.
That means if you get a flat tyre, damage the interior, loose a car key, need to get towed due to a breakdown or break a wing mirror, you’ll be paying for it.
Super Collision Damage Waiver
Before you pay for this, ensure you fully understand what exactly it covers.
Other insurance types
You can also get insurance from other third party providers or via a broker website if that’s where you’ve bought the car rental from.
Make sure you research this thouroughly in advance.
Insurance add ons are how rental companies make money, so they’ll be keen to sell it to you. Make sure that you arrive to the counter fully informed.
4 – Road signs and markings
When driving in Ireland for the first time, you need to be fully aware of the different signs and road markings that you’ll as you explore Ireland.
Watch the below video to familiarise yourself.
Here’s another handy guide to road sings that you can bookmark if you feel the need to.
5 – The most important (and not always the most obvious) point
We drive on the left hand side of the road in Ireland.
If you’re used to driving on the right, this will take some getting used to.
Especially at roundabouts. If you pick your car up from Dublin Airport, you’ll hit 1 of at least 3 roundabouts in the first 5-10 minutes of leaving the rental depot.
6 – Understanding how to take a roundabout safely
I live in Swords, which is very close to Dublin Airport. The most dangerous roundabout in Ireland is the one the leads from the Airport to the M1 motorway.
Mainly because people in general can’t navigate roundabouts, but the added swarm of tourists that rent a car in Ireland hit this roundabout about 5 minutes after stepping into their rental, after never driving in Ireland before.
There are roundabouts EVERYWHERE in Ireland.
Watch the video below from the RSA that shows you how to tackle a roundabout in Ireland.
7 – Changing lanes
Don’t move from one lane to another unless you actually need to.
If you do need to, you must give way to the traffic that’s already in the lane that you’re moving into.
Here’s how to change lanes safely:
- Use your mirrors: ensure that you check in plenty of time that the lane you’re moving into is clear
- Check your blind spot: when travelling at speed, ensure that the position of a vehicle that may have disappeared from your view in the mirror.
- Use your indicators: ensure you signal your intention to change lane before making the move (don’t be one of those tools that jumps lanes without indicating)
8 – Overtaking (NB, NB, NB!)
This is arguably one of the most important points in this driving in Ireland for tourists guide.
When I’m driving, regardless of whether it’s to the shops or along the Wild Atlantic Way, the most common near-collisions that I see happen when someone makes a mess of overtaking.
Here’s some guidance:
- Only overtake if it is safe to do so
- Be particularly careful of features that may obstruct your view of the road ahead, like as hills, dips, bends, bridges or roads narrowing.
- Pay attention to the road markings (continuous, broken, single, double white lines)
How to overtake safely
Please follow the below advice when overtaking:
- Make sure the road ahead is clear: you need to be sure that you have enough distance to overtake and get back to your own side of the road without forcing any other road user to jam on their breaks or move to avoid you.
- Never directly follow another overtaking vehicle
- Check your mirrors before overtaking to ensure that no one behind you has already started to overtake
- Indicate your intention to overtake in good time, then move out when it’s safe to do so
When you should avoid overtaking
A lot of the below should be common sense, but that’s often not the case.
Avoid overtaking when:
- You’re near a pelican crossing, zebra crossing or at pedestrian signals
- A traffic sign or road marking prohibits it, e.g. a straight white line
- You’re approaching a junction
- You’re approaching a corner, bend, dip in the road, hump-back bridge, brow of a hill or on a narrow road (don’t be that dic*head)
- It will cause danger to another road user
9 – Completing a U-Turn
Please only do a U-Turn when it’s safe.
A family was tragically killed in Wexford in 2017 while attempting to complete one. If in doubt, just avoid doing it.
Here’s some guidance on doing a U-Turn when driving in Ireland:
- You must not make a U-turn unless traffic conditions make it completely safe to do so.
- Check there are no signs or road markings prohibiting a U-turn, for example a continuous centre white line.
- Check that the road is not one way.
- Look for a safe place, where you can see clearly in all directions.
- Give way to all other road users.
- Check carefully for cyclists and motorcyclists.
- Do not delay or prevent pedestrians from crossing safely.
- Make sure there is sufficient room to complete your manoeuvre safely and smoothly.
10 – Driving in Ireland at night
So, driving at night will differ depending on where you are.
In the main cities, roads will, in general, be well lit. Further out, they many not be (this will depend on the county).
What you need to do to drive safely at night:
- Drive at a speed that allows you to stop within the distance covered by your headlights
- Keep your headlights adjusted properly. If they’re out of line, they’re 1, less effective and 2, may dazzle oncoming traffic.
- Maintain a safe speed and drive carefully at all times
11 – Drinking and/or taking drugs and driving
The drink drive limit in Ireland was recently reduced and is now in line with European levels.
As of 2018, anyone caught with 50-80 milligrams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood will be disqualified from driving for three months and receive a €200 fine.
Leave the car at home or at your hotel and grab a taxi. It’s always worth booking a room near the town/village centre if you want to have a drink!
Taking drugs and driving in Ireland is completely illegal.
12 – Seat/Safety belts
Where safety belts are fitted, you must wear them. The only exceptions are for:
- People who wear a specially designed belt due to a disability
- People whose doctors have certified that, on medical grounds, they should not wear a safety belt
13 – Using a mobile phone
I’ve mentioned this on this site in many other places aside from this driving in Ireland for tourists guide: when you’re driving a vehicle, don’t use your damn phone.
If you need to stick something into Google Maps, pull over safely and do it while the car is stopped.
You may only use your mobile phone when you are driving if you are phoning 999 or 112, or you are responding to another type of genuine emergency.
14 – What to do if your vehicle breaks down or if you have a puncture
Hopefully this isn’t something that’ll happen to you, but this guide to driving in Ireland for tourists wouldn’t be complete without mentioning this.
If your car does breakdown or if you get a puncture while driving, move your vehicle safely to the hard shoulder.
According to the RSA, you should ‘Park as near to the left as you can. If you cannot do this, take steps to warn other drivers such as switching on your hazard warning lights. Where possible always step over and stay behind the crash barrier, ensuring your passengers do the same. Use the roadside phone to contact the Gardaí.
This automatically lets them know your exact location. If you cannot use this phone, use your mobile but be aware they will need information about your location.’
Exiting your vehicle
Never walk on the motorway and ensure that, when you’re exiting your vehicle, that you do so via the left-hand door (make sure your passengers do the same).
According to the RSA, you should ‘Wait for help on the embankment side of the motorway well behind the crash barrier. If, for some reason, you are unable to follow the advice above, you should stay in your vehicle with your safety belt securely fastened and switch on your hazard lights’.
Getting back into traffic
Before you re-join the motorway after a breakdown or puncture, ensure that you build up your speed in the hard shoulder before merging back out into traffic.
15 – Practice before leaving the rental depot
You’ll be able to find some form of space to practice before you take a spin out onto a main road.
Get into your vehicle and ensure that you’re familiar with the different functions, e.g. how to clear the windows in case they steam up.
The is especially crucial if you’re not used to using a manual car. And even more so if you’re not use to driving a car with the wheel on the left hand side.
16 – Slow down and take your time
The best advice that I can give anyone driving in Ireland for the first time is:
- Be prepared
- Slow down
- Be vigilant
Questions about driving in Ireland?
I’ve left the comments section open.
If you have a question, leave a comment and I’ll help where I can.